Olive Branch Petition - request that the king repeal the intolerable acts in exchange for the colonists’ loyalty
Green Mountain Boys - militia from Vermont led by Allen and Arnold, captured Ticonderoga
Continental Army - Army of the American colonies, created by the continental congress
Patriot - American supporter of Independence
Loyalist - colonist loyal to Britain
Blockade - shutting of a port to keep people or supplies from moving in or out
Mercenary - troops for hire (from Germany – Hessians
Common Sense - Pamphlet explaining why colonists should rebel against Britain
traitor - a person who betrays his/her country
natural rights - Rights that belong to all people at birth
allies - nations that work together to achieve a common goal
Valley Forge - low point for Washington’s army, in PA, but a turning point as well
guerilla - hit and run military tactics
siege - surrounding and blockading an enemy position in an attempt to capture it
ratify - to approve
Treaty of Paris - document that settled the terms of the British surrender
Battle of Bunker Hill - First organized military engagement outside Boston
Battle of Boston - Cannons from Ft Ticonderoga lifted the siege of Boston
Battle of Quebec - This was an attempt to make Canada the 14th colony
Battle of New York - An embarrassing defeat for Washington
Battle of Trenton - Surprise attack in New Jersey
Battle of Saratoga - Turning point in war, France joins patriots after
Battle of King’s Mountain - Patriot victory in South Carolina
Battle of Camden - Cornwallis sends Gates running in this Patriot defeat
Battle of Cowpens - Morgan led this victory for the Patriots Battle of Yorktown - Site of General Cornwallis’ surrender
Chapter 6 people quiz 1
George III - King of Britain during the American Revolution
George Washington - Named Commander of the Continental Army
Benedict Arnold - Popular Patriot Major General, who betrayed America
Ethan Allen - Patriot from Vermont, led Green Mountain boys
William Howe - British Governor of Boston and military commander of Boston
Thomas Paine - Wrote Common Sense and the Crisis
Thomas Jefferson - Author of the Declaration of Independence
Nathan Hale - Hanged as a Patriot spy
John Burgoyne - British General who lost the Battle of Saratoga
Benjamin Franklin - Met with King of France to try to gain his support
Chapter 6 people quiz 2
Louis XVI - King of France who resisted to openly help colonies until Saratoga
Charles Cornwallis - British General instructed to capture Washington
Marquis de Lafayette - French noble, helped train American soldiers, friend of Washington
Mary Ludwig Hayes - Molly Pitcher, rumored to have helped Patriots fire a cannon in battle
Salem - black minuteman, fought at Lexington & Concord as well as Bunker Hill
John Paul Jones - Hero naval commander for Patriots, captured a powerful British warship
Bernardo de Galvez - governor of Spanish Louisiana, aided patriots against Britain
Sir Henry Clinton - Placed in charge of southern colonial military affairs for British
Nathanael Greene - Placed in charge of Southern Patriot Army after Gates flees.
Daniel Morgan - Wins the battle of Cowpens
What did the Continental Congress do to try to make peace with Britain?
They created the Olive Branch Petition
What did the Continental Congress do to pursue peace with Britain?
They created the Continental Army
How was Washington able to lift the siege at Boston?
He used cannons captured from Fort Ticonderoga against the British navy in the port of Boston.
List 2 arguments by Thomas Paine in Common Sense to persuade colonists to declare independence.
We don't owe loyalty to Britain
Idea of a king or queen is wrong
To stay any longer will only hurt us financially
List the 3 parts of The Declaration of Independence.
What was the date the Declaration was adopted?
July 4, 1776
According to the Declaration, what is the only reason people create governments, and when is it ok to rebel against them?
We create governments to protect our rights. We can rebel when government begins to violate our rights.
List 2 results of the Battle of Saratoga.
France joins us
Ends the British threat to New England
Boosted American spirits
How did the war change women’s attitudes?
After running the homesteads, women gain confidence in themselves, and begin to speak out about their rights
Why did some African American slaves escape to the British?
They were told that if they fought for the king, they would be get their freedom, and they did.
Why did African American patriots hope the revolution would end slavery?
The Declaration of Independence stated all men are created equal. If the Americans won, all would be treated equally
Why was Cornwallis forced to surrender at Yorktown?
He was under siege and out of supplies
List the 3 points of the Treaty of Paris (1783).
Florida went to Spain
France was given Canada
U.S. boundaries established
America is a free and independent nation
Loyalists with property damaged received money from the U.S.
Give 3 reasons Americans defeated the British in the Revolution.
We knew the land
Britain was Broke
Name an advantage Patriots had during the American revolution.
They knew the land
They were good shots
They were highly motivated (fighting for their homes/family/rights)
Name an advantage Britain had during the American revolution.