Chapter 6


Olive Branch Petition - request that the king repeal the intolerable acts in exchange for the colonists’ loyalty

Green Mountain Boys - militia from Vermont led by Allen and Arnold, captured Ticonderoga

Continental Army - Army of the American colonies, created by the continental congress

Patriot - American supporter of Independence

Loyalist - colonist loyal to Britain

Blockade - shutting of a port to keep people or supplies from moving in or out

Mercenary - troops for hire (from Germany – Hessians

Common Sense - Pamphlet explaining why colonists should rebel against Britain

traitor - a person who betrays his/her country

natural rights - Rights that belong to all people at birth

allies - nations that work together to achieve a common goal

Valley Forge - low point for Washington’s army, in PA, but a turning point as well

guerilla - hit and run military tactics

siege - surrounding and blockading an enemy position in an attempt to capture it

ratify - to approve

Treaty of Paris - document that settled the terms of the British surrender

Battle Notes

Battle of Bunker Hill - First organized military engagement outside Boston

Battle of Boston - Cannons from Ft Ticonderoga lifted the siege of Boston

Battle of Quebec - This was an attempt to make Canada the 14th colony

Battle of New York - An embarrassing defeat for Washington

Battle of Trenton - Surprise attack in New Jersey

Battle of Saratoga - Turning point in war, France joins patriots after

Battle of King’s Mountain - Patriot victory in South Carolina

Battle of Camden - Cornwallis sends Gates running in this Patriot defeat

Battle of Cowpens - Morgan led this victory for the Patriots Battle of Yorktown - Site of General Cornwallis’ surrender

People's Notes

Chapter 6 people quiz 1

George III - King of Britain during the American Revolution

George Washington - Named Commander of the Continental Army

Benedict Arnold - Popular Patriot Major General, who betrayed America

Ethan Allen - Patriot from Vermont, led Green Mountain boys

William Howe - British Governor of Boston and military commander of Boston

Thomas Paine - Wrote Common Sense and the Crisis

Thomas Jefferson - Author of the Declaration of Independence

Nathan Hale - Hanged as a Patriot spy

John Burgoyne - British General who lost the Battle of Saratoga

Benjamin Franklin - Met with King of France to try to gain his support

Chapter 6 people quiz 2

Louis XVI - King of France who resisted to openly help colonies until Saratoga

Charles Cornwallis - British General instructed to capture Washington

Marquis de Lafayette - French noble, helped train American soldiers, friend of Washington

Mary Ludwig Hayes - Molly Pitcher, rumored to have helped Patriots fire a cannon in battle

Salem - black minuteman, fought at Lexington & Concord as well as Bunker Hill

John Paul Jones - Hero naval commander for Patriots, captured a powerful British warship

Bernardo de Galvez - governor of Spanish Louisiana, aided patriots against Britain

Sir Henry Clinton - Placed in charge of southern colonial military affairs for British

Nathanael Greene - Placed in charge of Southern Patriot Army after Gates flees.

Daniel Morgan - Wins the battle of Cowpens

Test's Questions

What did the Continental Congress do to try to make peace with Britain?

They created the Olive Branch Petition

What did the Continental Congress do to pursue peace with Britain?

They created the Continental Army

How was Washington able to lift the siege at Boston?

He used cannons captured from Fort Ticonderoga against the British navy in the port of Boston.

List 2 arguments by Thomas Paine in Common Sense to persuade colonists to declare independence.

We don't owe loyalty to Britain

Idea of a king or queen is wrong

To stay any longer will only hurt us financially

List the 3 parts of The Declaration of Independence.

Natural Rights

British Wrongs

Declare Independence

What was the date the Declaration was adopted?

July 4, 1776

According to the Declaration, what is the only reason people create governments, and when is it ok to rebel against them?

We create governments to protect our rights. We can rebel when government begins to violate our rights.

List 2 results of the Battle of Saratoga.

France joins us

Ends the British threat to New England

Boosted American spirits

How did the war change women’s attitudes?

After running the homesteads, women gain confidence in themselves, and begin to speak out about their rights

Why did some African American slaves escape to the British?

They were told that if they fought for the king, they would be get their freedom, and they did.

Why did African American patriots hope the revolution would end slavery?

The Declaration of Independence stated all men are created equal. If the Americans won, all would be treated equally

Why was Cornwallis forced to surrender at Yorktown?

He was under siege and out of supplies

List the 3 points of the Treaty of Paris (1783).

Florida went to Spain

France was given Canada

U.S. boundaries established

America is a free and independent nation

Loyalists with property damaged received money from the U.S.

Give 3 reasons Americans defeated the British in the Revolution.

Washington’s leadership

Foreign Help

We knew the land

Britain was Broke

Name an advantage Patriots had during the American revolution.

They knew the land

They were good shots

They were highly motivated (fighting for their homes/family/rights)

Name an advantage Britain had during the American revolution.

More supplies

Better training

Larger Army